There are few things more unpleasant than discovering a cockroach in your home, especially if it's the second, or third, or fourth roach you've recently encountered! Roaches typically enter your home looking for food, water, or shelter. Once they've made themselves at home in your home, they can multiply quickly – turning a small problem into a big one rather quickly.
Not only can a surprise from a roach be unpleasant, but the presence of roaches in your home can be a threat to your health. Roaches can bring harmful bacteria into your home, resulting in food poisoning, diarrhea, allergic reactions, and rashes.
Before coming up with an action plan to rid your home of roaches, it is important to identify exactly which type of roach is "bugging" you!
American cockroaches are found in food processing areas and food storage areas, as well as other types of buildings. They are active when the temperature is 70 degrees or higher, but they can survive lower temperatures with the right conditions. Cockroaches have been reported to spread at least 33 kinds of bacteria, six kinds of parasitic worms, and at least seven other kinds of human pathogens. They can pick up germs on the spines of their legs and bodies as they crawl through decaying matter or sewage and then carry these into food or onto food surfaces.
Brown Banded Cockroaches
Brown banded cockroaches get their name from the two lighter bands they have across their dark brownish bodies. In addition to the distinctive banding, males have full wings, which reach beyond the tip of their rather pointed abdomens, but females have underdeveloped wings, much shorter than their broad, rounded abdomens. The lighter band markings are much more distinct in nymphs than in adults of either sex.
The German cockroach is by far the most important and usually the most common of the cockroaches. In addition to being a nuisance, the German cockroach has been implicated in outbreaks of illness and allergic reactions in many people. This species has worldwide distribution.
Oriental Cockroaches, Blatta orientalis (L.), are large very dark (almost black, but sometimes dark reddish-brown), shiny cockroaches which live in sewers and similar wet, decaying organic matter. They are sometimes called “water bugs” because they come out of drains, and “black beetle cockroaches” because of their smooth, dark bodies. Males are about 1 inch long, with wings that cover only about 3/4 of their abdomen; females are about 1 1/4 inch long, and have only short stubs of wing pads.